How is CBD used in medicine?
CBD stands for Cannabidiol and is a nature-based remedy for several maladies. It is found in the marijuana and cannabis plants in the form of a chemical compound called cannabinoids.
The existence of Phytocannabinoids, biologically active chemicals, is the reason for the beneficial traits of cannabis. Cannabidiol (CBD) and delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the two most commonly found chemical compounds in cannabis.
Research shows that if Phytocannabinoids are consumed, they work on cannabinoid receptors, which are produced by the human body. The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) consists of receptors linked by endocannabinoids, which has positive impacts on disorders such as muscular, cardiovascular, respiratory, and neurological ones. This proves that CBD can be used as a pharmaceutical product to treat illnesses.
CBD is used as a medicine in five potential ways:
CBD impacts how brain receptors react to the chemical compound "serotonin," which is responsible for maintaining our mental health. Research shows that CBD has helped people with public anxiety before delivering a speech. It also reduces the impacts of anxiety, such as an increased rate of heartbeat.
Research is being done to analyze if CBD is a possible cure for epilepsy. According to the American Epilepsy Society, cannabidiol shows hope for treating seizure disorders.
A study was conducted in 2016 on a group of 214 people who had epilepsy. These people added 2-5mg of CBD to their epilepsy treating medicines every day. The results were viewed after 12 weeks, according to which 36.5% of these people had fewer seizures each month.
A receptor present in the brain called "CBI" is being researched to understand how CBD can act as a treatment for neurodegenerative problems in which the function of the nervous system depletes with time.
Research has shown that CBD oil is used to treat:
● Alzheimer’s disease
● Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
● Parkinson’s disease
CBD oil is also expected to decrease the inflammation, which can result in the symptoms of neurodegenerative disorders to get worse.
The impacts of CBD oil on neurons in the brain help in the management of pain. Research shows that CBD is beneficial if taken post-chemotherapy. It relieves the patient from chronic pain. The National Institutes of Health have sponsored pre-clinical research that show that cannabis can be used to relieve symptoms of following illnesses:
● Chronic pain
● MS pain
● Muscle pain
● Spinal cord injuries
A multiple sclerosis drug, Nabiximols (Sativex), created from a mixture of TCH and CBD, is legally permitted to be used in UK and Canada to relieve multiple sclerosis pain.
The ability of CBD to reduce inflammation due to its impacts on the receptors in the body allows it to prove beneficial in treating acne. CBD suppresses the activation of sebaceous glands, which produce sebum. Sebum, if produced in bulk, causes acne. Thus, decreasing the activity of sebaceous glands and resulting production of sebum gives CBD anti-acne characteristics.
Side effects of CBD
Just as any other medicine, CBD has its potential side effects, which are the following:
● Low blood pressure
How to use CBD oil?
CBD is either in the state of a powder or oil. It can be combined with creams and can be put into capsules to be taken in the form of oral supplements or can be applied on the skin. CBD medicine such as nabiximols, which is used to treat multiple sclerosis, is sprinkled in the mouth in a liquid form.